Governor Sir Richard MacDonnell's summer home (circa 1868)
was built there to take advantage of the cooler but humid climes.
Soon other wealthy residents followed suit. Many of them traversed
up and down the steep Peak paths by sedan chair, which were carried
by their personal staff of uniformed bearers. From 1904, the Peak
was designated an exclusive residential area reserved only for
expatriates although this practice ended in 1947.
Further development of the Peak did not really occur until Alexander
Findlay Smith, who had worked for Scotland's Highland Railway,
managed to petition the Governor, Sir John Pope-Hennessy, in 1881
to operate tram routes. One of them connected the south of Murray
Barracks to Victoria Gap on the Peak. The Peak had attracted its
prestigious residents since the 19th century.